The UN system

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The United Nations System comprises the United Nations and the other six organs. These include the General Assembly, the Security Council, the UN Secretariat, International Justice Court, Economic, and Social Council and Trusteeship Council. The Secretary-General of the United Nations chairs the body where it meets twice in a year to coordinate the system’s activities. Each part of the system is mandated to undertake various roles unique and different from one another (Vladimirovna, & Le Blanc, 2015).

Role of member states

The system provides a forum that facilitates the financing matters for the various activities carried out through the UN including the security matters. All the member states share the cost with every state contributing depending on its economic status. The permanent members contribute more to the exclusive responsibility of maintaining the world’s peace and security. Approval of budget remains the responsibility of the General Assembly to ensure that the funds contributed are enough for the prospected activities. A special committee formed by the member countries monitors the peacekeeping operations in various regions of the world. The member states constituting the council engage on deliberations on the measures for engagement to solve the various emerging issues of security and other aids to the affected countries Fussler et al. 2017).

The UN Secretariat

The Secretariat is the principal organ of the UN and remains organized into departments and offices depending on the arising needs.  The Secretary-General of the UN heads the secretariat assisted by the worldwide staff of international civil servants. It offers information, facilities, and studies required by the UN bodies during the meetings. Moreover, the Secretariat undertakes the roles as directed by the UN bodies depending on the needs at hand. Under the guidance of the secretary general, the UN secretariat engages in staffing functions for the various responsibilities required in the body. It also deliberates on matters regarding gender equality in all the constituent entities (Fussler et al. 2017).  Media accreditation services take place in the UN Secretariat by offering the logistical support and provision of information to the media on behalf of the UN body.

Special agencies

These may or may not necessarily be formed by the UN and usually coordinate United Nations social and economic councils. The Food and Agriculture Organization leads in the plans to fight hunger in the world for the member states. As a neutral forum, it allows all member states to meet and equally deliberate on agreements. The International Civil Aviation organization facilitates in dealing with navigation issues in the various regions of coverage. Funding for agriculture gets the mandate from the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Effects on labor get deliberation through the International Labor Organization. It got instituted in the UN after World War II. These together with the others each dealing with the specific issues constitutes the UN special agencies and are mandated to drive the various sectors of operations.

The others include UPU which co-ordinates postal policies of the member states.  WBG is an independent financial agency but associates with the U.N to provide financial and technical assistance. UNIDO promotes industrial developments in member states and promotes technological developments depending on the current advancements. UNESCO supports the UN through education, science, and culture to improve peace and security in the world. ITU promotes and regulates international telecommunication and radio. IMF provides monetary cooperation and assistance for the funding of various operations in the UN. IMO supports governmental coordinate global maritime safety and other activities (Evans, 2016).

Development issues

The United Nations is mandated to improve the lives of the citizens in the member states. Employing the various agencies, UN deploys methods to ensure growth in the developing and underdeveloped member countries. Under the UNIDO, the UN facilitates industrial development through the provision of skills and monetary support through the IMF. Technological advancement through offering modernized skills in technology for massive production has been one of the support methodologies provided through the various development programs (Biermann et al. 2017).

Through the various programs, the UN eliminates the issues of social problems such as poverty, ill health, epidemics such as hunger, immigration, and insecurity. The UN focuses on promoting equality and access to facilities that support better living standards to all. In the countries where human rights are overlooked, the United Nations intersects to create sanity on the issues. Regions, where wars dominate, acquire the UN support through military deployments and peace talks. All the injustices usually lead to failed developments in the various states. Elimination of such problems remains the first step towards progress (Bauer, 2016).

Program countries and donor countries

Program countries are the member countries of the UN that engage in various activities and deliberation of issues and are mandated for support. The states that require financial assistance or deployment of other programs for support fall under the category of program countries. On the other hand, the donor countries provide facilitation of the various UN programs through support on finances or other material facilities. The donor countries do not necessarily become members of the UN but may assist in alienation. For countries t qualify on the program categories, it should be a member of the UN body (Evans, 2016).




Bauer, S. (2016). The United Nations and the Fight against Desertification: What Role for the UNCCD Secretariat?. In Governing Global Desertification (pp. 93-108). Routledge.

Biermann, F., Kanie, N., & Kim, R. E. (2017). Global governance by goal-setting: the novel approach of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 26, 26-31.

Evans, G. (2016). The responsibility to protect. In The APPSMO Advantage: Strategic Opportunities: Evolving Defence Diplomacy with the Asia Pacific Programme for Senior Military Officers (pp. 89-99).

Fussler, C., Cramer, A., & Van der Vegt, S. (2017). Raising the bar: creating value with the UN Global Compact. Routledge.

Vladimirovna, K., & Le Blanc, D. (2015). How Well are the Links Between Education and Other Sustainable Development Goals Covered in UN Flagship Reports?: A Contribution to the Study of the Science-policy Interface on Education in the UN System. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

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